Sunday, July 02, 2006

My 100 (or 25) Words Results (Without Definitions)

antebellum
bellicose
bowdlerize
chromosome
deciduous
diffident
enfranchise
epiphany
equinox
evanescent
gauche
gerrymander
hemoglobin
infrastructure
lexicon
notarize
paradigm
photosynthesis
quasar
recapitulate
supercilious
tautology
tectonic
unctuous
usurp
I knew the words in green; I did not know the words in red. In total, I knew 16 of 25.

Word My Definition Actual Definition Notes
antebellum before the war Belonging to the period before a war, especially the American Civil War.
bellicose prone to fighting Warlike or hostile in manner or temperament. Same Latin root as antebellum.
bowdlerize I don't know. To remove material that is considered offensive or objectionable from (a book, for example). One of those words that I must get from context.
chromosome part of your DNA that holds your genetic information 1. A threadlike linear strand of DNA and associated proteins in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells that carries the genes and functions in the transmission of hereditary information. 2. A circular strand of DNA in bacteria that contains the hereditary information necessary for cell life.any of the rod-shaped or threadlike DNA-containing structures of cellular organisms that contain all or most of the genes of the organism.
deciduous tree with leaves that fall off 1. Falling off or shed at a specific season or stage of growth. 2. Shedding or losing foliage at the end of the growing season. 3. Not lasting; ephemeral.
diffident I don't know. 1. Lacking or marked by a lack of self-confidence; shy and timid. 2. Reserved in manner.
enfranchise give the right to vote 1. To bestow a franchise on. 2. To endow with the rights of citizenship, especially the right to vote. 3. To free, as from bondage.
epiphany seeing the light 1. A revelatory manifestation of a divine being. 2. A sudden manifestation of the essence or meaning of something. 3. A comprehension or perception of reality by means of a sudden intuitive realization. I can definitely use this one in a sentence
equinox day and night are equal length 1. Either of the two points on the celestial sphere where the celestial equator intersects the ecliptic; 2. Either of the two times each year (as about March 21 and September 23) when the sun crosses the equator and day and night are everywhere on earth of approximately equal length.
evanescent I don't know. Vanishing or likely to vanish like vapor.
gauche crude Lacking social polish; tactless.
gerrymander make voting districts so that certain candidates will will To divide (a geographic area) into voting districts so as to give unfair advantage to one party in elections.
hemoglobin part of red blood cells that carry oxygen The iron-containing respiratory pigment in red blood cells of vertebrates, consisting of about 6 percent heme and 94 percent globin. It's related to oxygen, right?
infrastructure internal support 1. An underlying base or foundation especially for an organization or system. 2. The basic facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning of a community or society, such as transportation and communications systems, water and power lines, and public institutions including schools, post offices, and prisons. another one I can use in a sentence
lexicon collection of words 1. A dictionary. 2. A stock of terms used in a particular profession, subject, or style; a vocabulary.
notarize certify To certify or attest to (the validity of a signature on a document, for example) as a notary public.
paradigm Model 1. One that serves as a pattern or model. 2. A set or list of all the inflectional forms of a word or of one of its grammatical categories: the paradigm of an irregular verb. 3. A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them, especially in an intellectual discipline. We've got to change the para-digm
photosynthesis process by which plant cells produce food from sunlight, CO2 & water The process in green plants and certain other organisms by which carbohydrates are synthesized from carbon dioxide and water using light as an energy source. Most forms of photosynthesis release oxygen as a byproduct.
quasar star An extremely distant, and thus old, celestial object whose power output is several thousand times that of our entire galaxy. 1/2 credit?
recapitulate go back to the beginning 1. To repeat in concise form. 2. To appear to repeat (the evolutionary stages of the species) during the embryonic development of the individual organism. Ah well. Good guess?
supercilious I don't know. Feeling or showing haughty disdain. I did know it wasn't something flattering.
tautology I don't know. 1. Needless repetition of the same sense in different words; redundancy. 2. An instance of such repetition. 3. An empty or vacuous statement composed of simpler statements in a fashion that makes it logically true whether the simpler statements are factually true or false; for example, the statement" Either it will rain tomorrow or it will not rain tomorrow."
tectonic I don't know. 1. Relating to, causing, or resulting from structural deformation of the earth's crust. 2. Relating to construction or building. 3. Architectural. Interesting
unctuous oily 1. Characterized by affected, exaggerated, or insincere earnestness). 2. Having the quality or characteristics of oil or ointment; slippery. 3. Containing or composed of oil or fat. 4. Abundant in organic materials; soft and rich: unctuous soil. Insincere was the word I couldn't think of. My dad used to tell us this word was also related to Extreme Unction (Last Rites), although we weren't raised Catholic, so that meant very little to us.
usurp steal, take over power 1. To seize and hold (the power or rights of another, for example) by force or without legal authority. 2. To take over or occupy without right: usurp a neighbor's land.3. To take the place of (another) without legal authority; supplant.
I knew the words in green; I did not know the words in red. In total, I knew 16 of 25.

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